A red to reddish-purple, raised sore (lesion) on the skin
A massive, raised tumor with blood vessels
Most hemangiomas are on the face and neck.
Signs and tests
The health care provider give you a physical exam to diagnose the hemangiomas are diagnosed. If the build up of blood vessels is deep within the body, you may need a CT or MRI scan.
A hemangioma may occur with other rare conditions. You may need other tests to check for related problems.
Superficial or "strawberry" hemangiomas may not need treatment. They often go away their own, the appearance of the skin returns to normal. In some cases, a laser may be used to remove the small vessels.
Cavernous hemangiomas that involve the eyelid and block vision can be treated with lasers or steroid injections to shrink the mass. This allows vision to develop normally. Large cavernous hemangiomas or mixed hemangiomas may be treated with steroids either as oral medicines or injections into the hemangioma.
Taking beta-blocker medicines such as propranolol may also help reduce the size of a hemangioma.
Small, superficial hemangiomas often disappear on their own. About half go away by age 5, and almost all disappear by age 9.
Bleeding (especially if the hemangioma is injured)
Morelli JG. Vascular Disorders. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 642.
Kevin Berman, MD, PhD, Atlanta Center for Dermatologic Disease, Atlanta, GA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, David R. Eltz, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.